Energy consumption in Thailand is continually increasing. In 2012, the previously noted commercial energy consumption of 1.97 million barrels of oil equivalent per day represents a 6% increase from the previous year. The Ministry of Energy forecasts the demand in 2021 to a 40% increase from the present level.
The Energy sector in Thailand has relied primarily on imports. In 2012, energy supplied by imports accounted for over 55%. of the primary commercial energy demand.
The AEDP 2012-2021 has goals to transform the country into a low-carbon society and a target to increase the use of renewable energy to 25% of total energy consumption by 2021.
Thailand is in a difficult energy situation with over 60% of electricity being generated from natural gas. This dependence on natural gas is a risk to Thailand, given its reliance on importing natural gas from other countries around the world. Thailand’s goal is to be energy independent at a safe and affordable price while reducing its’ carbon footprint.
To achieve this goal of sustainable power generation, Thailand is looking to renewable solar energy in addition to wind and hydro energy solutions to replace the need for electricity generated from fossil fuels.
To reduce the dependency and imports oil and other unsustainable resources, the government assigned the Ministry of Energy to establish the Renewable and Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) 2012-2021 to identify the framework and direction of Thailands renewable energy development strategy.